Wednesday, January 4, 2012

You have a dice which has numbers from 1..6. Another dice is provided to you empty; you need to place numbers on this dice so that whenever both dices are used there is an equal probablity of getting a sum between 1.. 12

otally there are 6*6 possible combinations from two dices. Since we need the sum from 1..12 with equal probability there should be three combinations among these 36 which sum up to each number in 1 to 12 to achieve a equal probability for all sums.

Other Dice Numbers Presently
_ _ _ _ _ _

etting 1 we need 0 on the other dice
Getting 12 we need 6 on the other dice

State of Numbers on other dice now
0 6 _ _ _ _

We need to get SUM=1 in three different combinations and only possibility is 1 and 0 on both dices so put two more 0's on second dice and we have three ways to get 1.

State of numbers on other dice now 0 6 0 0 _ _

Now all the sum's from 7 to 12 can be achieved with one of the numbers be 6 and using the other numbers from first dice. Eg:: 7 can be 1 and 6 from dice 1 and dice2 and if we put two more sixes in dice2 then again 1 and other 6's on dice2 give us 3 ways for seven
Similarly for 8 we can 2 from dice1 and the three sixes one by one we will have 3 ways for 8 and so on for all numbers from 7 to 12. Again we can use the three 0's on dice2 in the similar way we have used three sixes above for getting three ways for sum 1 to 6.

State of numbers on other dice now 0 6 0 0 6 6